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Evolution of video game industry

The history of video games takes its start in the early 1950s. Video games reached mainstream popularity in the 1970s and 1980s when arcade video games, gaming consoles and home computer games were introduced to general public.

Today video gaming is a popular form of entertainment and a part of the world culture. As well, video games industry is one of the most profitable in the world. And it continues growing and gripping the audience steadily without a break.

Before After
the birth of consoles

The birth of home consoles

1968

The Magnavox Odyssey, the first commercial home video game console, was created and patented in 1968 and later released in 1972. The Odyssey was designed by Ralph H. Baer, assisted by engineers William Harrison and William Rusch. Odyssey consoles were sold in amount of 350 000 units.

magnavox odyssey advertisementmagnavox odyssey advertisement

I founded Atari, and Atari was credited with founding the video game business.

 – Nolan Bushnell –

The first video game

1972

PONG is one of the earliest arcade video games and the very first sports arcade video game. The game was originally manufactured by Atari Incorporated (Atari), which released it in 1972. Allan Alcorn created Pong as a training exercise assigned to him by Atari co-founder Nolan Bushnell. While other arcade video games such as Computer Space came before it, Pong was one of the first video games to reach mainstream popularity.

PONG - the first video game

Video games became mainstream

The arcade game industry entered its golden age in 1978
with the release of


Space Invaders
space invaders icon

Games of the «golden age»

1973-1986

arcade machine

The golden age of arcade video games is defined as the peak era of arcade video game popularity and technological innovation. Although there is no consensus as to its exact time period, most sources place it as starting in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and lasting to the mid-1980s.

Intro
Space Invaders
Asteroids
Pacman
Donkey Kong
Star War

Space Invaders

1978

space invaders machine

Space Invaders is an arcade video game developed by Tomohiro Nishikado.
Within two years by 1980, Taito had sold over 300,000 Space Invaders arcade machines in Japan, in addition to 60,000 machines in the United States, where prices ranged from $2000 to $3000 for each machine, within one year.

Intro
Space Invaders
Asteroids
Pacman
Donkey Kong
Star War

Asteroids

1979

atari asteroids arcade

Asteroids, the arcade space shooter, was released by Atari, Inc. in November 1979.
Acclaimed by players and video game critics for its vector graphics, controls, and addictive gameplay, Asteroids was one of the first major hits of the golden age of arcade games.
The game sold over 70,000 arcade cabinets and proved both popular with players and influential with developers. It has since been ported to multiple platforms.

Intro
Space Invaders
Asteroids
Pacman
Donkey Kong
Star War

Pac-Man

1980

pac-man arcade game

Pac-Man, the arcade game developed by Namco, was first released in Japan in May, 1980.
Immensely popular from its original release to the present day, Pac-Man is considered virtually synonymous with video games and an icon of 1980s popular culture.
It is also one of the highest-grossing video games of all time, having generated more than $2.5 billion in quarters by the 1990s.

Intro
Space Invaders
Asteroids
Pacman
Donkey Kong
Star War

Donkey Kong

1981

Donkey Kong arcade game

Donkey Kong, the arcade game that was Nintendo's first big hit in North America, is considered to be the earliest video game with a storyline that visually unfolds on screen.

It marked the beginning of the Mario series games, and introduced several of the earliest characters, including Mario himself, the original Donkey Kong, and Pauline, who now frequently appear in the Mario vs. Donkey Kong series.

Intro
Space Invaders
Asteroids
Pacman
Donkey Kong
Star War

Star Wars

1983

Star Wars arcade game

Star Wars is an arcade game produced by Atari Inc. and released in 1983.
The game is a first person space simulator, simulating the attack on the Death Star from the 1977 film Star Wars.
The game is composed of 3D color vector graphics.
This game was developed during the Golden Age of Arcade Games and is considered the #4 most popular game of all time according to the readers of Killer List of Videogames.

Intro
Space invaders icon
Space Invaders
Asteroids
Pac-man icon
Pacman
Donkey Kong icon
Donkey Kong
Star Wars icon
Star War

Games genres

In the development of game industry, a variety of genres and dozens of subgenres came into the world. We'll mention some of them that are considered primary nowadays.

Action

The action game is a video game genre that emphasizes physical challenges, including hand–eye coordination and reaction-time.


(Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance)

Action-adventure

Action-adventures require many of the same physical skills as action games, but also offer a storyline, numerous characters, an inventory system, dialogue, and other features of adventure games

(Uncharted 4: A Thief's End)

Adventure

This genre focused on story allows it to draw heavily from other narrative-based media such as literature and film, encompassing a wide variety of literary genres


(Dreamfall: The Longest Journey)

Role-playing game

Players control a central game character, or multiple game characters, usually called a party, and attain victory by completing a series of quests or reaching the conclusion of a central storyline.

(The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt)

MMO

A massively multiplayer online game (MMO)  is a multiplayer video game which is capable of supporting large numbers of players imultaneously.


(World of Warcraft)

Strategy

Strategy video games are a genre of video games that emphasize skillful thinking and planning to achieve victory, a player must plan a series of actions against opponents. Reduction of enemy forces is usually a goal.

(Star Craft 2)

Survival horror

Horror games focuse on survival of the character as the game tries to scare the player who is made to feel less powerful than in typical action games, because of limited ammunition, health, speed, vision, or other limitations.
(Resident Evil 4)

Simulation

A simulation video game describes a diverse super-category of video games, generally designed to closely simulate aspects of a real or fictional reality.


(The Sims 4)

8 bit

1985

In 1985, the second wave of development hit the American video game console market with Nintendo’s release of its 
8-bit console, the Famicom (a portmanteau of "Family Computer"), known outside Asia as

Nintendo Entertainment System (NES)

Nintendo Entertainment System

More than 800 games!

The development of game industry was actively going on. The world saw dozens of games which were admitted as classics. We played many of them when we were kids fascinated by the way they looked and the emotions they gave to us. Today we feel nostalgia when looking at these games.

Click on the character. 

Mega Man

In the story behind the original series, Mega Man is an android called Rock, created as a lab assistant by the scientist Dr. Light. Following treachery by Dr. Wily, Rock was converted into a battle robot to defend the world from Wily's violent robotic threats. Thus, he becomes Mega Man.

DuckTales

DuckTales is an action platformer video game developed by Capcom and based on the Disney animated TV series of the same name. The game sees players in the role of Scrooge McDuck as he travels around the world in search of five treasures to further increase his fortune.

Super Mario Bros.

Super Mario Bros. received favorable reviews, and further popularized the side-scrolling subgenre of the already popular platform video game.Altogether, excluding Game Boy Advance and Virtual Console sales, the game has sold 40.24 million copies, making it the best-selling video game in the Mario series.

Contra

Contra is a video game series produced by Konami composed primarily of run and gun-style shoot-'em-ups. Player takes control of an armed commando who must fight all sort of extraterrestrial monsters and other kinds of futuristic menaces.

Battletoads

Battletoads is a video game media franchise by Rare that began with the original beat 'em up game Battletoads in 1991. Starring three anthropomorphic toads named after skin conditions, Rash, Zitz, and Pimple

Metroid

Metroid is a series of science fiction action-adventure video games by Nintendo. It chronicles the missions of space-faring bounty hunter Samus Aran, who protects the galaxy from the depredations of the Space Piratesand their attempts to harness the power of the eponymous Metroids.

Castlevania

Castlevania is a video game series created and developed by Konami, centered on the Belmonts, a clan of vampire hunters, and their fight with Dracula. Belmont's main weapon is a whip called "Vampire Killer", while the secondary weapons are powered by Hearts, collected by attacking candles and killing monsters.

The obvious objective of video games is to entertain people by surprising them with new experiences.

 – Shigeru Miyamoto –

16 BIT

1990

A 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan.
The SNES was a global success, becoming the best-selling console of the 16-bit era despite its relatively late start and the fierce competition it faced in North America and Europe from Sega's Genesis/Mega Drive console.

Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)

Super Nintendo Entertainment System

1988

The Sega Genesis, known as the Mega Drive in most regions outside North America, is a 16-bit home video game console which was developed and sold by Sega Enterprises, Ltd. The Genesis was Sega's third console and the successor to the Master System. Sega first released the console as the Mega Drive in Japan in 1988,

Sega Genesis (Mega Drive)

Sega Genesis

Advances in high technologies could not but affect the game industry. In time, developers gained more opportunities to create their own games. And the games themselves, in turn, became more detailed. However, this was only the beginning of the development of graphics in games... and soon we will see this.

Mega Man evolution

Games shouldn't only be fun. They should teach or spark an interest in other things.

 – Hideo Kojima –

32 BIT

1994

PlayStation

The PlayStation is the first "computer entertainment platform" to ship 100 million units, which it had reached 9 years and 6 months after its initial launch. Reactions to the console upon launch were favourable; critics praised the console for the quality of its 3-dimensional graphics. 

PlayStation

64 BIT

1996

Nintendo 64

Nintendo 64, named for its 64-bit central processing unit, was released in June 1996 in Japan. It is the industry's latest major home console to use the cartridge as its primary storage format. While the N64 was succeeded by Nintendo's MiniDVD-based GameCube in November 2001, N64 consoles remained available until the system was retired in late 2003.

Nintendo 64

More than 11 million
copies sold!

The 2000s

PlayStation 2

The Xbox was the first video game console to feature a built-in hard disk drive, used primarily for storing game saves and content downloaded from Xbox Live. This eliminated the need for separate memory cards (although some older consoles, such as the Amiga CD32 used internal flash memory and others like the TurboGrafx-CD, Sega CD and Sega Saturn had featured built-in battery backup memory prior to 2001). An Xbox user could rip music from standard audio CDs to the hard drive, and these songs were used for the custom soundtracks in some games.

X-box
Nintendo GameCube

The GameCube is the first Nintendo console to use optical discs for its primary storage medium. The discs are similar to the miniDVD format, and as a result of their smaller size along with the console's small disc compartment, the system was not designed to play standardDVDs or audio CDs. Nintendo presents a variety of connectivity options for the GameCube. It supports online gaming for a small number of games via the broadband or modem adapter, sold separately; it also connects to the Game Boy Advance, allowing players to access exclusive in-game features using the handheld as a second screen and controller.

Grand Theft Auto 3

Grand Theft Auto III is an open world action-adventure video game developed by DMA Design and published by Rockstar Games. It was released on 22 October 2001 for the PlayStation 2 console.

Grand Theft Auto III is played from a third-person perspective in an open world environment, allowing the player to interact with the game world at their leisure. The game is set within the fictional city of Liberty City, which is loosely based on New York City. The single-player story follows Claude, a bank robber who is left for dead by his girlfriend, and quickly becomes entangled in a world of gangs, crime, and corruption.

Shadow of the colossus

Shadow of the Colossus was released in North America and Japan in October 2005

The game's storyline focuses on a young man named Wander who enters a forbidden land. Wander must travel across a vast expanse on horseback and defeat sixteen massive beings, known simply as colossi, in order to restore the life of a girl named Mono. The game is unusual within the action-adventure genre in that there are no towns or dungeons to explore, no characters with which to interact, and no enemies to defeat other than the colossi. Shadow of the Colossus has been described as a puzzle game, as each colossus' weakness must be identified and exploited before it can be defeated.

Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence

Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence was released in Japan on December 22, 2005

In the third installment in the Metal Gear Solid series, you reprise your role as Solid Snake, an elite tactical soldier. This time, you are sent on a dangerous mission to both infiltrate enemy territory and uncover the secrets behind a newly created weapon of mass destruction. Survival within the jungle environments and its unpredictable settings requires basic animal instincts, as well as advanced combat and hunting skills. Set in the 1960s, the game features different types of camouflage, open-ended environments, and an array of new weapons and moves.

Shenmue II 

Shenmue II is a 2001 action-adventure game for the Dreamcast and Xbox.

Like the original Shenmue, Shenmue II consists of open-world 3D environments interspersed with brawler battles and quick time events. It includes elements of role-playing and life simulation games, such as a day-and-night system, variable weather effects, non-player characters with their own daily schedules, and interactive elements such as vending machines, arcades, and minigames. The story follows the teenage martial artist Ryo Hazuki as he arrives in Hong Kong in 1987 in pursuit of his father's killer.

Star Wars: Battlefront II

Star Wars: Battlefront II is a 2005 first- and third-person shooter video game based on the Star Wars film franchise.

Battlefront II is fundamentally similar to its predecessor, albeit with the addition of new gameplay mechanics. The general objective in most missions is to eliminate the enemy faction. Like Star Wars Battlefront, the game is split into two eras, the Clone Wars and the Galactic Civil War. Players have the ability to choose between six classes during gameplay

The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind

The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind is an open world fantasy action role-playing video game developed by Bethesda Game Studios. It was released in North America in 2002 for Microsoft Windows and the Xbox.

The main story takes place on Vvardenfell, an island in the Dunmer province of Morrowind, which lies in the empire of Tamriel and is far from the more civilized lands to the west and south that typified Daggerfall and Arena. The central quests concern the deity Dagoth Ur, housed within the volcanic Red Mountain, who seeks to gain power and break Morrowind free from Imperial reign. Morrowind was designed with an open-ended free-form style of gameplay in mind, with less of an emphasis on the game's main plot than its predecessors. 

Metroid Prime

Metroid Prime is a video game developed by Retro Studios and Nintendo for the GameCube console. It was released in North America on November 17, 2002.

As in previous Metroid games, Metroid Prime takes place in a large, open-ended world in which regions are connected by elevators. Each region has a set of rooms separated by doors that can be opened with a shot from the correct beam. The gameplay involves solving puzzles to reveal secrets, platform jumping, and shooting foes with the help of a "lock-on" mechanism that allows circle strafing while staying aimed at the enemy. Metroid Prime is the first game in the Metroid series to use afirst-person view instead of side-scrolling.

Resident Evil 4

Resident Evil 4 is a 2005 survival horror video game published and developed by Capcom.

The story of Resident Evil 4 follows the U.S. government special agent Leon S. Kennedy, who is sent on a mission to rescue Ashley Graham, the U.S. President's daughter who has been kidnapped by a sinister cult. Traveling to a remote rural area of Europe, Leon fights hordes of violent villagers and mutated monsters, and reunites with the mysterious spy Ada Wong. The game pioneered and popularized the "over the shoulder" third-person view perspective in video games.

Handheld consoles

handheld game console is a lightweight, portable video game console with a built-in screen, game controls, and speakers. Handheld game consoles are smaller than home video game consoles and contain the console, screen, speakers, and controls in one unit, allowing people to carry them and play them at any time or place.

Handheld consoles

Past generation consoles

Bioshock infinite
Bioshock infinite
Far cry 3
Far cry 3
The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim
The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim

Current
generation

At the present time the game consoles market is shared by Sony, Microsoft and Nintendo. The leader of the industry is considered to be PS4 from Sony, Microsoft's Xbox One is the second best and Nintendo Wii U closes the list of market players.

The Order: 1886
The Order: 1886
Bloodborne
Bloodborne
Ryse: Son of Rome
Ryse: Son of Rome

Future
is near

The video games market has been rapidly developing for more than three decades and modern technologies offer us fantastic opportunities which we could only dream of before. Soon people will be able to fling themselves into the real world of virtual reality!

Now game is around you!
Now it is you who holds weapon personally, it is you who dodges from bullet.

Now all will be different!